In SAP QM, Master Inspection Characteristic ( MIC ) is a characteristic in physical or chemical property of the product that the company want to monitor and control from a quality view.

There are two type of Master Inspection Characteristic.

1.Qualitative characteristic is attributes of product in non numerical qualities such as paint/color, surface for rusted.

2.Quantitative characteristic is attributes product of pyhsical or chemical as numerical value, for example 20mm for dimension, 20kg for weight.

You use MIC when creating task list or you reference or include them in inspection plan, then assigned to the plant.

To create MIC you can use transaction code QS21 or follow the menu path SAP->Logistic->Quality Management->Quality Planning->Basic Data->Inspection Characteristic->Create.

qs21 create inspection characteristic sap

In the initial screen, enter plant PL01 and master inspection characteristic QWK00001, Valid from date is optional because SAP System automatically assign the current date.

qs21 create inspection characteristic sap

As we mentioned before, the MIC have two type they are Qualitative and Quantitative, you can choose them in this screen. Set the status of MIC as Released to make the MIC available during QM Activities for example when you create an inspection plan.

If the MIC is used for quantitative inspections, it needs you to use the Incomplete Copy Model options, this means you don’t have to set the nominal value, tolerance settings, and so on .

qs21 create inspection characteristic control indicator sap

Click Control Indicator button toolbar, to set control indicator for MIC, there are 3 part of Control Indicator they are Type, Sample and Results Confirmation.

Control IndicatorMeaninng
Lower Spec Limitlower specification limit of the MIC
Target ValueThe system will check whether the target value is within the tolerance range
Upper Limitupper specification limit of MIC
Summarized RecordingYou can only record or report summarized values for the MIC
Single ResultYou can record individual values
Mandatory CharacteristicRequired confirmation before you can make Usage Decision
Optional CharacteristicYou dont need to confirm MIC for Usage Decision

Click Continue , the new screen will show, in this screen you can configure characteristic control indicator.

control indicator qs21 sap

 

Control IndicatorMeaning
Scope not FixedThe system doesn't check the inspection scope
Fixed ScopeThe scope value is fixed valued and doesn't allow deviations
Long Term Inspectionthe inspection of MIC can run for a long period
Calculated CharacteristicThe characteristic is a calculated characteristic
PrintThe System prints the MIC on the inspection instruction
Smaller ScopeThe inspection scope can be smaller than pre-calculated inspection scope

The next step you need to assign inspection catalog to the MIC, You can assign the catalog type such as 9 ( Defect Type ) as well as the code group via menu Goto ->Catalog for the Characteristics.

inspection catalog qs21

You can assign defect code to the characteristics, performing valuation of qualitative characteristic with YES/NO, or quantitative characteristic with the measurement value, for more precise defect description in the case of a rejection you can make a special catalog with catalog type 9 DEFECT TYPES.

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